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Accounting is the process of recording, summarizing, and reporting financial transactions. It is an important skill for anyone who wants to understand the financial health of a business or organization.

What is accounting?

Accounting can be divided into two main branches: financial accounting and managerial accounting.

  • Financial accounting is the process of recording and reporting financial transactions to external users, such as investors, creditors, and government agencies.
  • Managerial accounting is the process of using accounting information to help managers make decisions within a business.

The accounting cycle

The accounting cycle is the process of recording financial transactions, summarizing them, and reporting them. The cycle is typically divided into four phases:

  1. Journalizing is the process of recording financial transactions in a journal.
  2. Posting is the process of transferring journal entries to ledger accounts.
  3. Trial balance is a list of all ledger accounts and their balances.
  4. Financial statements are reports that summarize the financial information of a business.

Financial statements

The three main financial statements are the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows.

  • The balance sheet shows the assets, liabilities, and equity of a business at a specific point in time.
  • The income statement shows the revenues, expenses, and net income of a business over a period of time.
  • The statement of cash flows shows the cash inflows and outflows of a business over a period of time.

Accounting principles

There are a number of accounting principles that guide the practice of accounting. These principles include:

  • Historical cost principle: Assets are recorded at their historical cost, which is the price paid for them when they were acquired.
  • Matching principle: Expenses are matched with the revenues they generate.
  • Revenue recognition principle: Revenues are recognized when they are earned, even if they have not been collected.
  • Accrual principle: Expenses are recognized when they are incurred, even if they have not been paid.

Accounting software

Accounting software can help businesses automate the accounting process. There are a number of different accounting software programs available, each with its own strengths and weaknesses.


Accounting is a complex but essential skill for anyone who wants to understand the financial health of a business or organization. By understanding the basics of accounting, you can make informed decisions about your finances and help your business succeed.

Here are some tips for learning accounting:

  • Start with the basics. Before you can learn about more advanced accounting concepts, it is important to understand the basics, such as the accounting cycle and financial statements.
  • Get practical experience. The best way to learn accounting is by doing it. Try to find a job or internship that will give you the opportunity to use your accounting skills.
  • Join a professional organization. Professional organizations, such as the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), offer a variety of resources and educational opportunities for accountants.

Tâm Tài Đức is a leading accounting training center in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. We offer a variety of accounting courses for beginners, intermediate, and advanced learners. Our courses are taught by experienced and qualified instructors who use a variety of teaching methods to ensure that students learn the material effectively.

If you are interested in learning accounting, we encourage you to contact us for more information.

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